lake settlement of Dispilio was accidentally discovered in 1932
by the University professor Mr. A. Keramopoulos. The works started
in 1992 by the team of the professor of prehistoric archaeology
of Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Mr. G. Ch. Chourmouziadis.
The findings of the excavation researches provide us with very significant
information for the life of the inhabitants of that region 7.000
years ago. One can easily see the remarkable know-how of the people
of that age, in fishing, hunting, land cultivation with advanced-
for that age-tools and in the construction of wooden residents (huts)
at the shores of the lake. At the place of the works and according
to the findings there is a park with a natural representation of
part of the prehistoric settlement.
wider geographic area is identified with the are of ancient Orestida,
where the Qrestes -'Macednoi", as Herodotus calls them- lived. Form
there the Macedonian Kings started uniting the other states to form
the great Macedonian State. During the Roman Empire period the region
was dominated by the Romans in 197 BC, who allow the formation of
a particular local independence.
In Pentavriso, in the summer of 1999, came to light a very important
sculpture ever found in Kastoria. It is the most ancient tomb anaglyph
of the Upper Macedonia and one of the best classical works ever
discovered in the entire Macedonia. This part of the tomb monument
represents the calm and sad face of a woman who lived and died here
24 centuries ago (one generation before Philippos 2nd). At that
time, Orestida was an independent kingdom that already participated
actively in the political things of Greece. This work of art, though,
proves that Orestida was actively participating in civilization
and aesthetics of the central Greece, as its style reveals that
of Viotia, Attica in the post- Parthenon era (400BC). The presence
of such an excellent work of art, together with the recent discoveries
of more classical antiquities in the surrounding area (epitaph writings,
helmets, ancient pottery workshop) lead with certainty to the conclusion
that we have to do with a unique ancient urban center and that the
history of the area has to be rewritten. Also important archeological
founding have been discovered in Psalida of Kastoria, in Nestorio
and remains of ancient Dioklitianoupoli or Argos Orestiko.
In 395 AC, when the Roman Empire was divided, the region was a part
of the East Roman State, which was developed in the Greek Byzantine.
The natural beauty of the region attracted the Byzantine emperors,
while the strategic position of the region constituted the base
of operations against the attempts of Bulgarians, who appeared after
the 10 century AC, to expand. The region was occupied from time
to time by the Bulgarians, the Petsenegoi, the Norman, the crusaders,
the Serbs, and for a very little period the Albanians, and finally,
in 1385, the Turks.
- BYZANTINE ERA
During the Turkish domination the region of Kastoria was turned
into a centre of Hellenism by keeping unharmed the nation's conscience,
the language, the religion, the mores and customs. In this hard
period of the Greek Nation, the role of the Church was very significant
in keeping the Greek element. During this period that region developed
a great economic and commercial activity and has known a real prosperity
in art and letters. This development rendered the region the centre
of material and moral support of the pre-Revolutionary movements
that leaded to the Greek revolution of 1821 and to the liberating
movements of the 19th century.
THE MACEDONIAN WAR
The region of Kastoria constituted the center of preparation and
action of the armed liberating Macedonian War. In that region the
resistance against the Bulgarians is organized and important historic
personalities appear, such as Pavlos Melas, Germanos Karavagelis
and Ion Dragoumis, who, with their robust attitude, led the War
to the liberation of the region in 11 November 1912.
More information about Kastoria - Museums and Mansions